The world is running low on cocoa farmers. According to the 2015 the cocoa sector is facing with serious sustainability issues. An overview written by European and U.S. NGOs and summarized on www.npr.org is looking at the reasons behind why cocoa farmers are reluctant to produce cocoa nowadays.
The report states that “younger generations no longer want to be in cocoa. Older generations are reaching their life expectancy.” At least 70% of the world's cocoa beans is produced by small-scale farmers from West Africa, Ghana and Ivory Coast, who live in poverty. According to the Barometer’s findings an average cocoa farmer from Ghana earns 84 cents a day, and one from Ivory Coast earns only 50 cents a day.
The Barometer adds the problem of violating human rights and child labor on West African cocoa farms to the list of serious problems cocoa producers have to face.
In addition the above mentioned reasons another would be the fact that cocoa producing is really hard and time consuming work: the big pods containing beans have to be hacked open with machetes or clubs and then they have to be cleaned, dried and fermented before being ground up and processed into cocoa.
Bill Guyton, president of the World Cocoa Foundation, says that WCF is hoping to solve the problem with their new strategy plan called : they would help cocoa producers to improve their yields by ensuring better access to fertilizer and seedlings for new trees so that they can earn more money.